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EPEAT stands for Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool. On a directive from the EPA, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers began developing three years ago a set of standards for building computers with a minimum amount of mercury, lead and cadmium; with lower power requirements be it electricity or battery; with longer usable lifespans; and with a "design for end of life" or safe recycling plans to be offered by the manufacturers. Several manufacturers Hewlett Packard Co. of Palo Alto, Apple Computer Inc. of Cupertino and Dell Inc. of Round Rock, Texas, chief among them took up the challenge and Michael Kors Ipad Clutch started manufacturing computers and notebooks around these standards.
"Compared to traditional computer equipment, all EPEAT registered computers have reduced levels of cadmium, lead and mercury to better protect human health and the environment," the EPA said in launching the Web site and public information part of its EPEAT program. It recognized HP, Apple and Dell for their widescale participation.
In landfills and dismantling centers, the toxins inside computers can become dust particles and airborne. Once airborne, lead, mercury and cadmium can be ingested and build up in the human body.
Well, this summer, the EPA, after working with major Michael Kors Handbags Latest Design
Lead has been "widely used in electronic goods," according to Greenpeace, most particularly as a component of solders, in the glass of cathode ray tubes and in lead acid batteries. Lead, if it builds up in the body, can damage the nervous system, particularly those of developing children.
Mercury is found in some batteries and some lighting components for flat screen electronics displays, according to Greenpeace. Because it is highly toxic, manufacturers have been trying to minimize its use. Mercury damages kidneys and the central nervous system. Once in the environment, mercury can convert to its organic methylated form through bacterial activity and accumulates into a highly toxic substance, according to Greenpeace.
Yuck! What can we do?We've all become so dependent on these machines.
This is important not only for personal convenience but because each year computers and other electronics in use in the United States consume 74 billion kilowatts of electricity the equivalent to a year's use by 7 million households.
friendly' computers spare the environment
The green computers tend to be each manufacturer's latest models, so they may seem to cost a little more than older models. However, Dell stated its EPEAT compliant computers cost no more for being so. It shows Hewlett Packard sells 32 models that are EPEAT compliant with eight desktops, 13 notebooks including its line of Compaq notebooks and 11 monitors. Dell sells 19 models that are EPEAT compliant, including 12 desktops in its OptiPlex and Precision lines, 10 monitors and seven Lattitude and Precision notebooks. Apple Computer's new line of Dual Core Apple iMacs and MacBook Pro notebooks were built as EPEAT compliant as well as its line of Apple Cinema Display monitors. In addition, CTL Corp. of Oregon makes a desktop, the Meridian SL700, that is EPEAT compliant.
and over time can damage kidneys and bone structure. You can bring your computer to one of three Bay Area Computer Recycling Centers in Sunnyvale at 370 W. Caribbean Dr., in Santa Rosa at 3227 Santa Rose Ave. or in San Francisco, which accepts them at different locations around the city on different dates.
When toxic metals are broken down in recycling plants or landfills, they can create dust and fumes, which if inhaled or ingested by people around the plants or running the plants, can be carcinogenic and harmful to nervous system and reproductive organs.
The lower electricity or battery power requirements of EPEAT listed models "reduces emission of climate changing greenhouse gases," the EPA states in its literature.
These Hewlett Packard Co.
According to the Environmental Protection Agency, some 315 million computers became obsolete between 1997 and 2004 and went to landfills where they produced 1.26 million pounds of lead, 2 million pounds of cadmium, 400,000 pounds of mercury and 1.2 million tons of hexavalent chromium.
So, what do the toxins do and where are they found in computers?
According to Greenpeace International in a lengthy report issued last summer for a global "Computer TakeBack Campaign" to urge manufacturers to take back their computers at the end of their use, most electronics and computer landfills and recycling centers are in third world countries. There, easier regulation allows them to be stockpiled and where poor citizens are willing to take jobs dismantling electronics goods.
In July, the EPA issued a list of 60 popular desktops, monitors and notebooks that meet these standards. Along with being manufactured with reduced levels of toxic materials and requiring less power, these 60 models are also sold with an "end of life management" plan from the manufacturers, who promise to take them back and recycle Michael Kors Backpack Bag
computer manufacturers and a major electronics association for three years, produced a list of "green" or at least greener computers than the typical computer made available in the past.
Unfortunately, the deep innards of computers hold many hazardous materials such as mercury, lead and cadmium. Using computers is not dangerous, environmentalists and computer makers say, because the materials are buried deep in the electronics, under insulators, thick metals and plastic covers. But if and when a computer is sent to a landfill after its useful life is over, the toxic materials could eventually seep out into the ground and possibly the groundwater.
them according to standards set methods.
Cadmium is used in electronics in some switches and solders, as cadmium metal, and as a component in rechargeable batteries. Cadmium, too, accumulates in the body if ingested in dust particles or fumes Michael Kors Purses
Lastly, the EPEAT compliant computers are easier to upgrade and recycle they have to be to get the designation.
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